California Deserts: Six Roadtrip Destinations for Outdoor Adventure

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Open road through California desert

I love deserts. I even love driving through them. Roll down the window, put the Eagles on the car stereo and let the magic of wide-open spaces do its work.

But mostly I love adventuring in deserts: camping under the stars, hiking through the middle of nowhere, examining all the unlikely flora and fauna, and holding my own in a harsh climate.

The California desert parks and preserves in this list are perfect for spending some quality time under open skies, especially during the spring and autumn months when desert temperatures are milder and many mountain trails elsewhere in California are snowed over. Hikers, bikers, climbers, campers, equestrians, stargazers, history buffs, and wildlife enthusiasts will all find something to keep them entertained in the deserts of California.

Link them all together in an epic California desert roadtrip, or just pick one for a long-weekend getaway. Either way, this overview of Southern California deserts will inspire anyone whose soul gets happier when the horizon is far away.

Nipton California near Mojave National Preserve

Where to Stay

If you love camping, this roadtrip is the perfect time to log some quality nights under the stars.

In addition to established campgrounds, most of these desert parks and preserves have great options for dispersed camping. You can stick to the more common roads, or drive your (potentially 4wd) car down some lonely dirt tracks and not see other humans for days. You’ll find plenty of great places to set up a tent or enjoy the convenience of camping in your car or campervan.

When you’re ready for a tiny bit of civilization, drop by some of the quirky small communities – like Wonder Valley, Zzyzx, and East Jesus – creatively making their mark on the harsh land. And if hotels are your thing, you’ll find them along the way in towns like Twentynine Palms and Palm Springs.

Staying Safe

First a quick word of caution. I’ve visited California’s deserts in all seasons, and the climate is not to be underestimated. The summers are debilitatingly hot, winter nights easily drop below freezing, water is hard to come by and yet flash floods are a hazard. Combine this with the disorienting off-trail nature of many desert hikes and you get a number of people each year who need to be rescued (or worse).

Definitely research the weather ahead of time and check the park websites (or even better, stop by the visitor center and talk with the rangers) to understand any recent hazards. Even when just driving through, always keep a couple days’ worth of drinking water in your car.

When venturing out on foot have a backup navigation plan, be rock-solid in your knowledge of water sources, and always bring more water than you think you need.

California Desert Roadtrip Route

Here’s a rough map of the southern California desert roadtrip route linking the six destinations covered in this post. It’s not meant to be followed mile for mile – definitely branch off and explore each park in more detail – but it’ll help you get oriented.

This route could be driven in just a few days, but it’s nicer to take at least a day in each location to enjoy the hiking, biking, or other adventures nearby. A week would be nice, and you could spend even longer if you have the time.

If you’re looking to link up with an even longer route, these other American southwest roadtrip ideas will take you further east into the stunning and different desert landscapes of Nevada, Arizona, and Utah.

Death Valley National Park

Mountains in Death Valley National Park
You might be surprised to learn Death Valley National Park has several small mountain ranges, like this one near Bighorn Gorge.

While Death Valley National Park is most famous for the salt flats of Badwater Basin, the lowest point in North America, there’s plenty more to see and do in this massive park.

Did you know Death Valley also has waterfalls, sand dunes, canyons, mountains, and even ghost towns? Hike through intriguing canyons, ride your mountain bike along hundreds of miles of dirt backroads, and set up camp beneath a sparkling clear night sky.

Death Valley straddles the Great Basin and Mojave deserts, the second of which also contains Mojave National Preserve, next on this list.

Mojave National Preserve

Sand dunes at Devil's Playground in the Mojave Desert
You’d be forgiven for thinking this is the Sahara desert, but no, it’s right here in California.

Heading south from Death Valley, Mojave National Preserve is the next desert destination you’ll hit. The 1.6 million acre park offers great hiking, backpacking, and backroads camping.

Slog up the Kelso Dunes for an epic view of the intriguingly named Devil’s Playground (you will have earned an awesome run or slide down the dunes afterward), hike up Silver Peak for amazing ridgeline views, go horseback riding, enjoy seasonal wildflower blooms, or explore several other maintained trails and unmaintained routes.

Mojave National Preserve is also home to Zzyzx, which has to be one of the most curiously named tiny communities on any map.

View from Silver Peak in Mojave National Preserve
View from Silver Peak as sunset approaches.

Joshua Tree National Park

View over Joshua tree from top of climbing route

Next up on the journey south is Joshua Tree National Park and its distinctive piles of bulbous rock. The park straddles two different desert ecological zones, the high Mojave and the lower Colorado, and is another excellent California desert park for hiking, camping and dirt road mountain biking.

Hikers can take a short stroll through the Cholla Cactus Garden (best to keep your hands in your pockets along this spiky trail!), explore up to 35 miles of the California Hiking and Riding Trail, and everything in between.

Joshua Tree is also famous for its rock climbing. With hundreds of routes for all ability levels, it’s a great place to climb with friends or take a lesson if you’re new to outdoor rock. The majority of routes are single pitch trad, with solid clusters of bouldering and sport routes. The grippy rock lends itself to surprisingly doable tenuous slab climbs.

Non-climbers can still have fun scrambling around on the lower-angle boulders that are pretty much everywhere.

Rock climber at Joshua Tree

While you’re in the area, don’t miss a drive through Twentynine Palms and up Amboy Road to the surreal homesteads of Wonder Valley. If wide open spaces call to you like they do to me, you may be tempted by the dirt-cheap five acre plots for sale in this bizarre desert community.

Mount San Jacinto State Park & Palm Springs

Sun rising over Palm Springs from partway up the Cactus to Clouds trail

Less than an hour from Joshua Tree’s west edge, you’ll find the town of Palm Springs and Mount San Jacinto State Park. While Mt. San Jacinto at 10,834 feet is most definitely not in the desert, its accessibility from the desert floor in Palm Springs makes this a worthy stop on any California desert road trip.

Most hikers summit San Jacinto via a 10 mile out and back hike from the top of the Palm Springs Aerial Tramway. This is ambitious enough, but for the truly crazy, there’s the notorious Cactus to Clouds route: 21 miles and 10,000 feet of elevation gain starting at the desert floor in Palm Springs and finishing at the top of the tram after the out-and-back summit. For fit and experienced hikers (this route is no joke and rescues of unprepared hikers aren’t uncommon), this is an epic day hike for your bucket list.

View of Palm Springs from the Palm Springs Aerial Tramway
Amazing view from the tram on the way down!

Salton Sea and Slab City

Heading southeast from Palm Springs, loop around the Salton Sea to the eccentric communities of Slab City and East Jesus for a truly bizarre desert experience.

The Salton Sea is actually an increasingly saline lake, home to a dwindling population of fish and dotted with abandoned resort towns from the lake’s better days in the 1950’s. Visit on a day with no one else around and the whole thing feels decidedly post-apocalyptic (and smells like dead fish).

Dead fish at Salton Sea
Abandoned resort signs at Salton Sea

Venture slightly west into the Sonoran desert to Slab City and East Jesus, a surreal community of snowbirds, squatters and artists who have turned the open desert into a life-size canvas. Wander the off-grid community and check out the creative dwellings, experimental art installations, and even a nightclub, library, and hotel.

Creative trailer at Slab City
Television art installation at East Jesus

Anza-Borrego Desert State Park

Wrapping up the southern end of an epic California desert itinerary, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park is almost as far south as you can get before Mexico. Bike along dirt roads, walk through sandy desert washes, follow maintained trails and explore meandering canyons. Along the way you’ll see wildflowers (in the spring), many types of cacti, waterfalls and even ancient pictographs.

Here are some short hikes in Anza-Borrego State Park to whet your appetite. It’s also possible to connect via dirt roads and trail to Cuyamaca Rancho State Park and even the Pacific Crest Trail.

Planning Tips

As you’re planning your roadtrip through the deserts of southern California, be sure to keep a few things in mind:

  • Spring and fall are the best time to visit California’s deserts (summers can be brutally hot, and winter nights surprisingly cold)
  • Pack plenty of drinking water, in any season
  • Don’t expect phone or data signal within these parks or some of the rural areas between them. Download your maps and notes for use offline before you go.

I hope you enjoy the unique beauty, geology and vastness of these six California deserts.

Pink cactus flowers in Joshua Tree National Park

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